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Department of Physiology

Department of Physiology


As a basic medical science physiology deals with how the living systems work from cellular level to organ systems, even to whole organism, as integrating knowledge of anatomy, biochemistry, biophysics and biological sciences. Besides the normal functioning of systems, it is also interested in body state in response to a particular pathology, physical activity, and environmental factors.  

There are two associate professor and an assistant professor and 3 teaching and research assistants in the Department. Faculty members of the department maintain active research programs covering a wide range of topics with emphasis on energy expenditure measurements, physical activity tests, walking analysis, galvanic skin response measurements, anxiety and behavioral models, learning and memory tests, cognitive neuropsychological tests, electroencephalography and event related brain potentials recordings in 3 basic research laboratories.




PHYSIOLOGY MSc PROGRAM

COURSES

COURSE CONTENTS

 

FZY 501 Cell  Physiology and Body fluid compartments

(Compulsory course)

 

Body fluid compartments and electrolytes balance, transport across cell membranes, membrane potentials and action potentials, intracellular-intercellular communication.

 

 

FZY 502 Muscle  Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Excitable properties of muscles, action potentials of muscles, types of muscles, skeletal muscles, neuromuscular junction, excitation-contraction coupling, mechanisms of contraction and relaxation, types of contraction, muscle tonicity, tetanus, summation, energy sources of muscle, neuromuscular transmission, properties of cardiac muscle and smooth muscle.

 

 

FZY 503 Blood  Physiology

(Elective course)

 

The composition of blood, tasks of blood, plasma proteins, embryonic, fetal, postnatal hematopoiesis, functions, production, composition and types of hemoglobin, functions, formation, removing of erythrocytes, types of leucocytes and functions, in hemostasis, coagulation mechanisms, platelets and functions, blood types

 

 

FZY 504 Circulation Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Events of the cardiac cycle, regulation of cardiac functions, effects of some ıons and temperature, rhythmic excitation of heart and abnormal rhythms, normal electrocardiography, vectorial analysis of electrocardiogram, physiological basis of some electrocardiogram abnormalities, ınterrelationships among flow, pressure, resistance, systemic circulation, specification of vessels, starling forces, local and humoral control of blood flow, regulation of arterial pressure, regulation of cardiac output, circulation shock, regulation of special regions, fetal circulation, effects of exercise on circulation

 

 

FZY 505 Respiratory Physiology 

(Compulsory course)

 

Introduction of respiration, mechanics of respiration, ventilation, pulmonary circulation, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, regulation of acid-base balance, regulation of respiration, effects of exercise on respiration, effects of decreased barometric pressure, hypoxia, effects of increased barometric pressure, respiratory abnormalities

 

 

FZY 506 Gastrointestinal System Physiology

(Elective course)

 

General principles of gastrointestinal functions, transport of food in gastrointestinal tract, secretuary function of gastrointestinal systems secretions of stomach, exocrine functions of pancreas, digestion of foods, bile secretion, secretions of small intestine and colon, gastrointestinal absorption, energy balance, metabolism and nutrition,

 

 

FZY 507 Renal Physiology

 (Elective course)

 

General principles of urinary system, renal circulation, glomerular filtration, tubular function, water excretion, hydrogen, natrium, potassium and chloride excretion, diuretics, disorder of renal function, micturition, regulation of extracellular fluid composition and volume, regulation of acid-base balance

 

 

FZY 508 Endocrine system

(Elective course)

 

General principles of endocrine system, structures of hormones and effects, pituitary hormones, thyroid hormones, surrenal cortex hormones, pancreas hormones, hormonal control of calcium metabolism and the physiology of bone, the male reproductive system and hormones, the female reproductive system and hormones pregnancy and lactation, other endocrine glands

 

 

FZY 509 Nervous System

(Elective course)

 

Reflexes, reticular formation, brain waves and sleep, control of posture and movement, regulation of visceral functions, behavioral functions of brain, higher functions of the nervous system, the autonomic nervous system 

 

 

FZY 510 Sensation Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Cutaneous and visceral sensations, visual sensations, hearing and equilibrium sensations, smell and taste sensations

 

 

FZY 511 Technics Of Searching And Evaluation Literature At Physiology- I

(Elective course)

 

 

Technics of searching academic literature, and evaluation with lesson managing, discussion, representation

 

FZY 512 Technics Of Searching And Evaluation Literature At Physiology II

(Elective course)

 

 

Technics of searching academic literature, and evaluation with lesson managing, discussion, representation

 

 

FZY 513 Using Computer at Physiological Studies

(Elective course)

 

 

Data were collected as from planning stage of physiological studies, transforming analogue information to digital form and adapt to computer, main effective utilizing computer at analyzing and presentation

 

 

FZY 514 Techniques Of Academically Representation

(Elective course)

 

Clearly represent events as verbalize or written in academic susceptive, techniques about be talked  regular and fluently

 

 

FZY 515 Environmental Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Atmospheric pressure changes, effects of decreased barometric pressure, high altitude physiology, mountain sickness and decompression syndrome, physiological concordance at hot and cool climate

 

 

FZY 516 Exercise Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Effects of exercise, types of exercise, condition tests and scoring condition. Fatigue formation, effects of fatigue to cases, environmental factors

 

 

FZY 518 Basic Concepts of Exercise Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Introduction to exercise physiology, muscular and neural control of motion, central and peripheral nervous system, adaptation of muscle-nerve to resistive training

 

 

FZY 519 Energy Systems Using in Exercise

(Elective course)

 

Analyses of energy systems, production of ATP, exercise and energy production, hormones and exercise, aerobic system and training

 

 

FZY 520 Cardiovascular System and Physical Performance

(Elective course)

 

Structure and function of cardiovascular system, pulmonary ventilation and diffusion, acid base balance and respiratory regulation, cardiovascular endurance and adaptation  

 

 

FZY 521  Methods of Scientific Research

(Compulsory course)

 

The aim and definition of science, features of scientific knowledge, scientific knowledge and values ​​system, the birth and development of modern science, main research methods, data collection methods, measurement and test techniques

 

 

 

PHYSIOLOGY PHD PROGRAM

COURSES

COURSE CONTENTS

 

FZY 601 Advance Cell  Physiology and Body fluid compartments

(Elective course)

 

Body fluid compartments and electrolytes balance, transport across cell membranes, membrane potentials and action potentials, intracellular-intercellular communication.

 

 

FZY 602 Advance Muscle  Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Excitable properties of muscles, action potentials of muscles, types of muscles, skeletal muscles, neuromuscular junction, excitation-contraction coupling, mechanisms of contraction and relaxation, types of contraction, muscle tonicity, tetanus, summation, energy sources of muscle, neuromuscular transmission, properties of cardiac muscle and smooth muscle.

 

 

FZY 603 Advance Blood  Physiology

(Compulsory course)

 

The composition of blood, tasks of blood, plasma proteins, embryonic, fetal, postnatal hematopoiesis, functions, production, composition and types of hemoglobin, functions, formation, removing of erythrocytes, types of leucocytes and functions, in hemostasis, coagulation mechanisms, platelets and functions, blood types

 

 

FZY 604 Advance Circulation Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Events of the cardiac cycle, regulation of cardiac functions, effects of some ıons and temperature, rhythmic excitation of heart and abnormal rhythms, normal electrocardiography, vectorial analysis of electrocardiogram, physiological basis of some electrocardiogram abnormalities, ınterrelationships among flow, pressure, resistance, systemic circulation, specification of vessels, starling forces, local and humoral control of blood flow, regulation of arterial pressure, regulation of cardiac output, circulation shock, regulation of special regions, fetal circulation, effects of exercise on circulation

 

 

FZY 605 Advance Respiratory Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Introduction of respiration, mechanics of respiration, ventilation, pulmonary circulation, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, regulation of acid-base balance, regulation of respiration, effects of exercise on respiration, effects of decreased barometric pressure, hypoxia, effects of increased barometric pressure, respiratory abnormalities

 

 

FZY 606 Advance Gastrointestinal System Physiology

(Elective course)

 

General principles of gastrointestinal functions, transport of food in gastrointestinal tract, secretuary function of gastrointestinal systems secretions of stomach, exocrine functions of pancreas, digestion of foods, bile secretion, secretions of small intestine and colon, gastrointestinal absorption, energy balance, metabolism and nutrition,

 

 

FZY 607 Advance Renal Physiology

(Compulsory course)

 

General principles of urinary system, renal circulation, glomerular filtration, tubular function, water excretion, hydrogen, natrium, potassium and chloride excretion, diuretics, disorder of renal function, micturition, regulation of extracellular fluid composition and volume, regulation of acid-base balance

 

 

FZY 608 Advance Endocrine system

(Compulsory course)

 

General principles of endocrine system, structures of hormones and effects, pituitary hormones, thyroid hormones, surrenal cortex hormones, pancreas hormones, hormonal control of calcium metabolism and the physiology of bone, the male reproductive system and hormones, the female reproductive system and hormones pregnancy and lactation, other endocrine glands

 

 

FZY 609 Advance Nervous System

(Elective course)

 

Reflexes, reticular formation, brain waves and sleep, control of posture and movement, regulation of visceral functions, behavioral functions of brain, higher functions of the nervous system, the autonomic nervous system 

 

 

FZY 610 Advance  Sensation Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Cutaneous and visceral sensations, visual sensations, hearing and equilibrium sensations, smell and taste sensations

 

 

FZY 611  Literature

(Elective course)

 

 

Discussion physiology literature

 

 

FZY 615 Advance Environmental Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Atmospheric pressure changes, effects of decreased barometric pressure, high altitude physiology, mountain sickness and decompression syndrome, physiological concordance at hot and cool climate

 

 

FZY 616 Advance Exercise Physiology

(Elective course)

 

Effects of exercise, types of exercise, condition tests and scoring condition. Fatigue formation, effects of fatigue to cases, environmental factors

 

 

FZY 620 Exercise and Performance at Different Environmental Conditions

(Elective course)

 

Changes in atmospheric pressure, altitude and underwater physiology and exercise, regulation of body temperature, exercise at hot and cold, exercise at microgravity, advanced assessment of exercises performed at different environmental conditions

 

 

FZY 621 Optimization of sportive performance

(Elective course)

 

Excessive training, over training, peak performance, ergogenic helper, water and electrolyte balance, sports drink, body composition and performance

 

 

FZY 622 Sex and age at exercise

(Elective course)

 

Children and young athletes and training, changes that occur with aging and effects to performance, exercise and female athletes

 

 

FZY 623 Physical activity at health and disease

(Elective course)

 

Cardiovascular disease and protections by physical activity, obesity, diabetes, exercise programming and control of exercise intensity

 

 


Publications in International Scientific Journals(last two years)

2021
8. Dündar, A.; Kocahan, S.; şahin, L. . ARCHIVES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 2021, , 1-5.
10.1080/13813455.2019.1635622
7. Bozali, G.; Kose, A.; Babus, S.; Kaleağası, S.; Temel, G. Characteristics of the patients who admitted to the emergency department with seizures and the factors affecting the frequency of admission. NEUROSCIENCES, 2021, 26, 163-170.
http://dx.doi.org/10.17712/nsj.2021.2.20200092
6. Ergenoğlu, T. . CUTANEOUS AND OCULAR TOXICOLOGY, 2021, 40, 198-206.
10.1080/15569527.2021.1895825
5. şahin, L.; çevik, .; çevik, K.; Güven, C.; Taşkın güven, E.; Kocahan, S. . BRAIN RESEARCH, 2021, 1759, -.
10.1016/j.brainres.2021.147367
4. Kocahan, S.; Akıllıoğlu, K.; Sencar, L.; şahin, L.; çevik, .; Taşkın güven, E.; Güven, C.; Boğa pekmezekmek, A.; Polat, S. . INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROSCIENCE, 2021, 81, -.
10.1002/jdn.10142
2020
3. Eryilmaz, I.; Erer, S.; Zarifoglu, M.; Egeli, U.; Karakus, E.; Yurdacan, B.; Cecener, G.; Tunca, B.; Colakoglu, B. Contribution of functional dopamine D2 and D3 receptor variants to motor and non-motor symptoms of early onset Parkinson’s disease. ELSEVIER BV, 2020, 199, 106257-106257.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2020.106257
2. Kaleağası, . . CLINICAL NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSURGERY, 2020, 199, 106257-.
1. Yunisova, G.; Tüfekçioğlu, Z.; Doğu, O.; Bilgiç, B.; Kaleağası, .; Akça kalem, .; Lohmann, E.; Gürvit, .; Emre, M. . NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES, 2020, 19, 218-224.